- Review Price: £539.99
As a company, Sigma is better known for its highly acclaimed and very popular range of digital SLR lenses, available with mounts to fit all the major DSLR brands. However it has also made a number of cameras under its own name, starting with 35mm film SLRs before moving on to digital SLRs, and launching the DP range of compacts two years ago. All of Sigma’s digital cameras use the unique Foveon X3 sensor, a technology which the company now owns. The X3 sensor differs from conventional CCD and CMOS sensors because it captures full RGB colour at every photocell site on the chip, rather than using brightness sensors and a colour mask filter. There’s a fuller explanation of the technology here, but suffice it to say that in theory at least the X3 sensor should be able to produce something like three times the level of detail and colour depth of a conventional sensor, and also has an advantage in dynamic range.
Like the DP1 and DP2, the DP2s uses a 20.7 x 13.8mm X3 sensor (slightly smaller than APS-C but larger than Four Thirds) producing a final image resolution of 2652 x 1768 pixels, with approximately 14 million photocells in three layers. Whether you call that a 14 megapixel sensor or 4.7 megapixels is largely a matter of semantics. As we’ll see later, it’s the results that count. What is indisputable is that the DP2s is a very expensive camera. It currently sells for £539.99, the same launch price as the DP2 and only £10 less than the original price of the DP1. Both of the earlier cameras are still available, with the DP1 currently selling for around £380 and the DP2 for £485, so don’t expect the price of the DP2s to drop by much. There are a number of very good digital SLRs that cost less, so those results had better be worth it.
Apart from its unique sensor the DP2s has several other unusual design features, the most obvious being the lens. It has a fixed-length (i.e. non-zoom) lens with a focal length equivalent to 41mm and a maximum aperture of f/2.8. This may seem like an odd choice, since the trend these days is for ever-wider focal lengths, but 41mm is close to the old SLR standard of 50mm, and produces a perspective that is very similar to that of the unaided human eye. As a result photos look very natural and optical distortion is kept to a minimum. The aspect ratio of 3:2 is the same as 35mm film and most DSLRs, rather than the 4:3 ratio more common in compact cameras. The DP2 has the same lens, but the DP1 has an f/4 lens equivalent to 28mm.
Physically the DP2s is almost identical to its two predecessors. The body is a rather plain looking matt black rectangular box with straight sides and right-angled corners, with the lens barrel protruding just less than an inch from the front when folded. The body is all metal and the build quality is generally very good, although the controls do feel surprisingly cheap for such an expensive camera. The DPS2 is large for a compact and surprisingly heavy, measuring 113.3 x 59.5 x 56mm and weighing 291g including battery and memory card. The large body is easy to hold, and a textured area on both the front and the back provides some grip, but the control layout is rather awkward. The two buttons in the upper right are poorly placed, and the thumbwheel on the edge of the top plate, which is used to adjust focus in manual mode, is also a bit fiddly. Some of the controls can be reassigned, but I hope that Sigma has a good re-think of the control interface for its next new model, perhaps replacing the focus thumbwheel with a rotary bezel on the lens barrel.
The menu system is also quite clunky and looks a bit dated by recent standards, and it is not helped by the relatively small 2.5-inch 230k LCD monitor. The monitor view can be magnified for manual focusing, but it’s not really sharp enough for this to be particularly accurate. The monitor is at least quite bright, but the reflective surface can make it hard to see in bright sunlight.
We’re so used to seeing 720p HD video as a standard feature on new compacts it’s rather a shock to discover that the DP2s can only manage 320 x 240 pixel resolution with mono audio, albeit at 30fps. At least there’s no need to worry about optical zoom in video mode.
One of the admittedly small number of things that differentiates the DP2s from the DP2 is supposedly faster focusing and image processing, but the overall performance is far from sparkling. In single shot mode the shot-to-shot time is approximately 2.7 seconds, which is quite slow by the standards of other high-spec compacts, but in its favour it will shoot at this speed in both JPEG and Raw modes. In continuous shooting mode it can manage just over two frames a second, but only for a limited burst of four shots in JPEG mode and three in Raw.
The autofocus is very slow, and is also extremely noisy, with a loud mechanical whirring sound as it cranks the lens into focus. Low light focusing is the worst I’ve seen in several years, with the camera failing to focus in a room lit with a 60 watt bulb. It has no AF assist lamp, so once the light level drops you have to switch to manual focus.
One area that does seem to have been significantly improved over the previous model is battery duration. Joanne said that she only got about 50 shots out of the DP2, but I was able to take over 200 with the DP2s, which is powered by a chunky 1300mAh lithium-ion battery.
Fortunately the DP2s does have one saving grace that trumps all of its shortcomings, and that is its simply fantastic image quality. At 50-200 ISO it produces a level of detail, dynamic range and colour depth that easily surpasses any other compact on the market, and even puts some mid-range DSLRs to shame. There is no trace of image noise at 200 ISO, and even at 400 and the maximum 800 ISO noise is slight, even and grain-like. The lens too is superb, with brilliant corner-to-corner sharpness that makes the most of that fantastic Foveon sensor. The control over depth of field provided by the wide maximum aperture and large sensor allow real creative control for portrait shots.
The Sigma DP2s is a well-made camera, although the blocky design and primitive control layout look very dated. Handling is average at best, and the slow and noisy performance and terrible low-light focusing might put off the casual user, assuming that the terrifying price hadn’t already sent them running back to the the safety of a consumer compact. However if you’re prepared to put up with its flaws it rewards you with spectacular image quality and photographic versatility that beat any other compact hands down.
”Over the next few pages we show a range of test shots. On this page the full size image at the minimum and maximum ISO settings have been reduced to let you see the full image, and a series of full resolution crops have taken from original images at a range of ISO settings to show the overall image quality. These pictures were taken indoors using shaded natural light. ”
This is the full frame at 50 ISO.
At 50 ISO the image quality is flawless, with no trace of noise, perfect sharpness, brilliant colour and tons of detail.
No real difference at 100 ISO.
Still no problems at 200 ISO.
There is a light dusting of fine-grained noise at 400 ISO, but the image is quite printable.
There is more noise at the maximum 800 ISO, and the red channel is a bit blotchy, but it’s still far from shabby.
This is the full frame at 800 ISO.
”A range of general test shots are shown over the next two pages. In some cases, the full size image has been reduced for bandwidth purposes, and a crop taken from the original full resolution image has been placed below it to show the overall image quality. Some other pictures may be clicked to view the original full-size image. ”
The non-zoom lens, equivalent to 41mm, means I can’t take my usual test shot, but download the full-size version and just look at all the detail. File size approximately 3.5MB.
Here’s a 1:1 magnification crop from the image above. Even at this range you can still make out the anti-bird netting. Some cameras can’t do that even when zoomed in.
The lens produces almost no barrel distortion.
Centre sharpness is perfect.
Corner sharpness is also flawless, with no trace of chromatic aberration.
”Here are some general test shots to help evaluate the camera’s overall image quality, including dynamic range, colour rendition and the zoom range of the lens. Some pictures may be clicked to download the full size original image. ”
The DP2s has a non-zoom lens equivalent to 41mm.
Dynamic range is superb, with both shadow and highlight detail even on this midsummer day in full sunlight.
The fixed focal length makes you work for your compositions.
Colour rendition is simply stunning.
The wide maximum aperture and large sensor give excellent control over depth of field.
This is a 1:1 crop from the image above.
Score in detail
Image Quality 10
Build Quality 8
|Camera type||Digital Compact|
|Megapixels (Megapixel)||14 Megapixel|
|Optical Zoom (Times)||N/Ax|
|Image Sensor||20.7x13.8mm Foveon X3, 14MP in three layers|
|Optical focal length||24.2mm|
|Shutter speed||15 secs to 1/2000|
|Auto focus||9-point Contrast Detection AF|
|Max output resolution||2652x1768|
|Other resolutions||2640x1485, 1872x1248, 1312x880|
|Focus range||28cm to infinity|
|Exposure control||P, A, S, M|
|Exposure metering||Evaluative, Centre-weighted, Spot|
|Exposure compensation||+/-3 EV in 0.3 EV steps|
|ISO settings||Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800|
|LCD Monitor||2.5-inch, 230k dots|
|Flash range||Guide number 6 (ISO 100/m), 28cm to 4.3m (ISO Auto)|
|Flash modes||Forced Flash, Red-Eye Reduction, Slow Synchro|
|White balance modes||Auto, daylight, shade, overcast, tungsten, fluorescent, flash, custom|
|Drive modes||Single, continuous|
|Image formats||JPEG, RAW|
|Picture adjustments||Colour modes, saturation, sharpness, contrast|
|Video (max res/format)||320x240 at 30fps|
|Movie length||30mins on 1GB card|
|Self timer||2/10 secs|
|Memory card slot||SD/SDHC/Multimedia|
|Batteries supplied||1300mAh Li-ion rechargeable|
|Charging/Computer Connection||USB 2.0|
|Manual||118-page printed manual|
|Dimensions Width (Millimeter)||113.3mm|
|Weight (body only) (Kilogram)||260gkg|
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