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Lumia 930 vs Galaxy S5: Which has the best camera?

Andrew Williams


Lumia 930 vs Galaxy S5: Which has the best camera?

Which has the better camera?

The Nokia Lumia 930 and Samsung Galaxy S5 are two of the best smartphone cameras you can get. Nokia has produced some of the most important phone cameras ever made, and with the Lumia 930 carrying the PureView seal of approval, we have big expectations.

But can it hope to better the Samsung Galaxy S5, a true powerhouse of phone photography? We’ve given the two a test drive to see which is really better in photographic terms.

Nokia Lumia 930 vs Galaxy S5: Which camera is easier to use?

We find the Samsung Galaxy S5 marginally easier to use than the Lumia 930 camera. All of Nokia’s higher-end phones suffer from the same problem – they use two camera apps.

You get the Windows Phone app and Nokia’s own camera app. Choice is good, but ultimately this is quite confusing when they appear similar enough to think you’ve just pressed the wrong button and ended up in the wrong part of the same app.

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Lumia 930 camera app

Samsung actually cut back its camera app for the Galaxy S5. Lots of the extra modes have been cut back to make it easier to use, and you can customise the interface to put the modes you need at your fingertips. You can also do this in the Lumia 930’s standard camera app, but it is a little fiddlier to do.

Galaxy S5 camera

Nokia Lumia 930 vs Galaxy S5: Which gives more manual control?

However, for those really wanting to learn about photography from their phone, the Lumia 930 is much, much better. While having two camera apps isn’t great for beginners, the control the Nokia Camera app gives you is fantastic.

It goes over and above what you get from most other camera apps, letting you focus manually and set the shutter speed as well as fiddling with standard things like ISO and exposure compensation. With a bit of effort and know-how, you can get some creative results.

The only thing you can't control is aperture, because the Nokia Lumia 930 aperture is fixed at f2.4.

SEE ALSO: Samsung Galaxy S5 vs Galaxy S4

Nokia camera app

One of the best parts of the Lumia 930 is the control you get with the Nokia Camera app

The interface is neat too, using rotary sliders to let you change settings. Some Samsung cameras offer something similar, but it’s not available in the Galaxy S5.

The Samsung Galaxy S5 offers relatively little manual control. You can tweak ISO, exposure and so on, but shutter speed and focus are handled by the phone itself.

Nokia Lumia 930 vs Galaxy S5: Camera Specs and Performance

The Nokia Lumia 930 has a higher-resolution sensor than the Samsung Galaxy S5. It uses a 20.7-megapixel sensor while the Samsung Galaxy S5 has a 16-megapixel camera.

However, it’s all-too-easy to overemphasise this difference. The Nokia Lumia 930 has a 20.7-megapixel 1/2.5-inch camera sensor that predominantly deals with 5-megapixel photos.

Most of the information from the sensor is used, but it is boiled down to a 16:9 5-megapixel image to save space and reduce image noise. We saw a similar system in the Sony Xperia Z2, a 20.7-megapixel that largely outputs 8-megapixel photos.

You can force the Lumia 930 to save full-res photos too, but these are actually 16-megapixel shots in actuality as the phone shoots in 16:9 while having a 4:3 sensor. You can’t readily access them from the phone either.

The Lumia 930 is not what it at first appears to be.

We also found that the Galaxy S5 is faster to shoot with than the Lumia 930. Shot-to-shot speeds are slower and focusing is marginally slower at times. This may be in part down to the processing required in downscaling images to 5-megapixel format – it’s something we also saw in the Lumia 1020, and to a much greater extent.

The Galaxy S5 is helped on this front by its phase detection focusing, which stops the forward-back seeking that is used by the contrast detection system of the Lumia 930.

On the lens side, the Galaxy S5 is a bit faster, with an f-stop rating of f2.0 to the Lumia 930’s f2.4. Nokia uses a larger sensor to compensate for this actually relatively slow (among phones) lens, though.

Nokia Lumia 930 vs Galaxy S5: Detail and Exposure

In daylight, the Nokia Lumia 930 and Galaxy S5 are both accomplished photo takers. Colours are lively and well-saturated, exposure metering is fairly good and you can instantly tell the photos are from a good phone camera.

In common with other Lumia phones we’ve tried, the Lumia 930 has a slightly warm tone that gives shots a pleasant look. It could be seen as a deliberate stylisation, but it’s a minor one at best and it often leads to the Lumia photos looking a bit prettier than those of the Galaxy S5.

Where the Galaxy S5 excels is contrast and punchiness. Zoom into shots and you can see the difference in detail you get from a 16-megapixel S5 shot compared to a 5-megapixel 930 one. It's big.

While you get far more fine detail with the Lumia 930 than you would from a ‘native’ 5-megapixel phone camera right down to pixel level, the Galaxy S5 gets you much more straight off the bat. This is improved if you dig out the full-resolution 16-megapixel Lumia shots, but let’s not forget that 5-megapixel shots are the Lumia 930’s real currency.

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Here we see the detail you lose in the Lumia's downgrading of images to 5MP. The Galaxy S5 shot also offers higher contrast.

Nokia Lumia 930 vs Galaxy S5: Macro

Get closer up to the subject and, once again, the phones perform well. The Samsung Galaxy S5’s clearer highlights bring out fine details in our macro subject below a bit more.

We also found that we were able to get a bit closer to the subject with the Galaxy S5, thanks to its slightly longer focal length. Where the Lumia 930’s lens has an equivalent focal length of 26mm, the Galaxy S5 has a 31mm-equivalent lens. That’s pretty ‘zoomed in’ for a phone, whose focal lengths tend to stay around the 26-28mm mark.

Phone makers try and sell wide angle lenses as a good thing, but for the kind of street-style photography most people do with their phones, something around the 35mm mark would actually be much better. You heard it here first, people.

For pure quality, we think the Galaxy S5 pips the Lumia 930 here, but they both do extremely well.

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The Galaxy S5 let us get close up enough to see the top of flower go a little out of focus, due it exceeding the camera's depth of field

Crisp and colourful, the Lumia 930 can take some lovely-looking close-ups

However, the Lumia 930 has real usability win too. More experienced photographers will love being able to use the manual focus of the Nokia Camera app to take macro shots.

Our macro example was pretty easy to shoot as the subject takes up most of the frame, but it would be far more difficult if the subject was much smaller – in this case phone invariably try to focus on the background, even if there is a macro focusing mode. For actually taking around town for macro photography, we'd probably pick the Lumia 930 as a result.

Nokia Lumia 930 vs Galaxy S5: HDR

HDR is an essential tool for the mobile photographer. It makes taking photos with light sources in the shot possible, and will sort out exposure issues in cloudy skies.

The Samsung Galaxy S5 has a dedicated HDR mode, but HDR has never been a big feature in Nokia phones. What you get instead in the Lumia 930 is a Backlight scene mode, which is the closest thing the Lumia 930 has to a real HDR mode.

But how to they compare? This is the area in which the Galaxy S5 puts the most distance between itself and the Lumia 930. The Galaxy S5 HDR mode is much, much better.

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The foreground appears underexposed as the Galaxy S5 tries to juggle between the super-bright sky and the other parts of the image. It hasn't done too bad here without HDR, though.

Switch on HDR and there's a complete change. The foreground is properly exposed, and only the area right around the sun appears overexposed. That there isn't a particularly pronounced halo around objects is frankly amazing. Samsung is king of HDR.

While the foreground is reasonably clear, the sky is massively overexposed here. Part of the tree is obliterated. It's probably better than ending up with a massively underexposed foregound, though.

The backlight mode has helped with the exposure of the sky, but the foreground is actually less well-exposed an there's a weird yellow cast to it now too. It's not a patch on the Samsung HDR mode.

One extra quick comparison:

There's a nice 'larger than life' quality to this HDR shot, but it's not enough to blast the photo into pure fantasy-land stuff

The backlight mode doesn't do nearly as well. The sky is overexposed, the foreground is pretty glum, and again we get that yellowy colour cast.

Nokia Lumia 930 vs Galaxy S5: Shallow depth of field/bokeh

One way photographers make portraits pop is to use a wide lens aperture to produce a shallow depth of field effect, where the background appears blurry, making the subject pop all the more. Phone makers have tried to create this artificially in their latest phones, but how are the Galaxy S5 and Lumia 930 when producing a natural bokeh effect?

The Lumia 930 is a tiny bit better here, producing slightly more background blur. It is a little jittery compared to the Galaxy S5, but in mobile phones we’re happy for any effect, regardless of its character.

To get a significantly better shallow depth of field effect, you’d have to upgrade to the Lumia 1020, which we find to have more-or-less the best in this respect among ‘normal’ phones.

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Blurring levels are very similar, but the Lumia 930 effect is marginally more pronounced

Nokia Lumia 930 vs Galaxy S5: Low-light Performance

What about low-light? This is traditionally the area in which phones really start to struggle. The Galaxy S5 and Lumia 930 tackle the problem rather differently.

Where the Lumia 930 has a dedicated Night scene mode, the Galaxy S5 instead uses something called picture stabilisation. It’s basically a simulated software form of optical image stabilisation that appears to involve stitching together numerous exposures in order to reduce noise and ramp-up detail. It takes a little longer as a result.

If you shoot with both phones in Auto, with the Galaxy S5’s stabilisation turned on, the Galaxy S5’s results are better. There’s less noise and loads more contrast, although dynamic range is a big issue. Check out the tree in the image below, which has been reduced to a flat black mass where there’s a bit more retained detail in the Lumia 930 shot.

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It's dark but contrast is - as usual with the Galaxy S5 - great. If only there was a bit more shadow detail

The Lumia 930 Auto photo is less contrasty, but there's a smidge more shadow detail

Turn on the Lumia 930’s mode Night mode and it all changes. Like the Sony Xperia Z2, the Lumia 930 is very effective at making do with barely any light at all. Colour fidelity isn’t too bad considering what the phone has to work with too – the lamp light is roughly on the money and the tree is suitably green.

Boom – switch on night mmode and suddenly the scene is 400 per cent clearer. It looks more like dusk than night now, but sometimes clarity is all you're after.

In terms of a picture you’d actually want to use and share, the Lumia 930 Night mode is the clear winner, and it’s quicker to shoot with than the Galaxy S5’s stabilisation mode.

Actually zoom in and look at the photos critically, though, and you will see that the Galaxy S5 actually produces a load more detail. As near-unusable as the photo is as a whole, you can read the phone number pasted on the side of the van in the background. That’s good going.

The Lumia 930 wins the night mode challenge, but the Galaxy S5 once again captures more detail

What about the flash? We try to avoid using the flash unless taking face-on portraits of people in very poor lighting, but it is useful at times. Both phones have an LED flash, but the Nokia Lumia 930 has a dual-LED one where the Galaxy S5 uses a single LED.

You might think that this would make the Lumia 930 much more powerful, but we found the Galaxy S5 to be a bit more powerful. However, the Lumia creates less harsh shadows and tends to blow out images a bit less.

Which camera is right for you?

There are no bad choices here. The Galaxy S5 and Lumia 930 both have good cameras. However, for the average point ’n’ shoot mobile photographer, we think better results will come from the Galaxy S5.

Its borderline-magic HDR mode, the simpler approach to the interface and the faster shooting times are all big wins. However, if you want to use your phone to find out more about photography, it’s all about the Lumia 930. The Nokia Camera app lets you take a much more hands-on approach to your photos that shouldn’t be undervalued.

Next, read everything you need to know about the Samsung Galaxy S6


July 16, 2014, 9:24 pm

did you folks actually just compare a downsized 5mp image to a 16mp image and wonder why they weren't as good when zoomed in???

Try comparing the actual 20mp photo....


July 17, 2014, 12:00 am

Would like to see this review done with the high-res shots from the 930 instead of the 5mp ones. To say that the 5mp shots are the main focus is just not true. You use them to send in a text message, etc. - something where quality isn't priority. When you want quality shots (i.e. in a review like this) you would always use the better picture.


July 17, 2014, 2:40 am

Hey Andrew, would you be able to link to the full-resolution photos produced by the 930? I think you may be overlooking the Nokia's Reframe function, that auto-crops a new 5MP image from the 16MP one when you zoom in on the phone so that detail is preserved.

Cheers! :)


July 17, 2014, 4:28 am

I was noticing that, not quite a fair comparison there. Though the S5's 3-shot HDR mode is most definitely better than the 930's single shot HDR, that sure won't change with resolution.
One of the truly unique features was omitted, the 930 has RAW DNG output as an option. This is a big deal now that these cameras are producing such solid photos.


July 17, 2014, 7:37 am


I'll look to get some full-res comparisons added – would be a nice addition. My general argument was that while the 16MP can be captured, I think 98 per cent of people will use the 5-megapixel phones more-or-less all the time.


July 17, 2014, 7:38 am

The issue is that it's the phone's only inbuilt tool to combat these sorts of conditions, and it is an HDR mode really, just a single-exposure one. I've been complaining about the lack of a proper HDR mode in WP phones for years now. Clearly no-one's listening!

Oli Gordon

July 17, 2014, 8:05 am

In which case, use the 5 megapixel S5 versions that would get uploaded to facebook. At the moment you are comparing Apples to Oranges and saying "oh look, I took two pictures, downsampled one, cropped it, AND NOW LOOK! IT LOOKS WORSE!"


July 17, 2014, 10:03 am

WHAT ???? I'll pretend i didn't read this article at all...just plain bad reviewing.

Tim Sutton

July 17, 2014, 11:55 am

I was going to ask why you thought comparing the low res Lumia shots to the high res Galaxy shots was in any way fair, but that seems to have been well covered already in the comments.

I'll just add that the line "I think 98 per cent of people will use the 5-megapixel phones more-or-less all the time." is firstly utter rubbish and secondly completely irrelevant when discussing how the camera itself performs.

If you want to compare 5MP shots then compare 5MP shots from both phones.

I really hope this is just sloppy reviewing. There's been a lot of oddly negative spin in your Windows Phone articles of late. Opinion is fine, but deliberately misleading people in an editorial attempt to paint something in an unfairly negative light would be unforgivable in a review site.


July 19, 2014, 8:15 am

Thanks Andrew, if you could include that it would make the story much more balanced :).
What brings you to the conclusion that people will mostly use the 5MP photos? Both plugging the phone in and uploading to SkyDrive, the phone shows the user low- and high-res options right next to each other.

Looking forward to seeing those 16MP shots added to the review. One thing I find really impressive about the SGS camera(s) is how quickly they focus and shoot, but it seems a tad unfair to not give the Nokia a chance.


July 21, 2014, 8:43 pm

Seems that your not listening to the comments either, your review was intelligent but heavily flawed. We are all human, mistakes get made, own up, correct it and keep your credibility. Make the comparison against the full res shots and lets see what happens...that I would find value in :)


September 7, 2014, 1:13 pm

the problem is Lumai 930 default itself to 5mp inferior mode, from a misleading advertisement/packaging that says 20MP. don't you think u blame Nokia/Microsoft for being afraid to unleash its flagship in full 20MP mode?

Galaxy S5 or the reviewer here is not to be blame here. And btw, S5 is a straight out of the box 16MP shooter that waits to be used in full mode. It's simple as that.


November 6, 2014, 3:29 pm

I have a l1520, I haven't used the camera on the 930, but with a friend using a samsung gs5, we have visited cape of good hope and took pictures (16MP res on both, not even 19 on mine) and the pictures on the 1520 were more detailed as we zoomed in. And he was very impressed with the manual focus feature, I didn't even know that his s5 didn't feature that, I looked for it in his complicated camera interface but couldn't find it. The reviewer should compare the best of both, meaning 19 vs 16 or at least 16 vs 16. And he should compare the manual mode too for advanced users.


November 6, 2014, 3:38 pm

Really? That is weird, because on the other 20MP phone the lumia 1520, the default is 16MP. I doubt the 930 came with 5MP as default, maybe someone used the phone before and set 5MP res as default.


December 27, 2014, 12:14 pm

Hello, people want all time to have best quality photos from your device, so this quality reduction from Nokia is not fair and turn you review to rubbish. Even with 5mg photos, Nokia have much more clear macro photo, much more saturated macro photos, better bokeh, much more resolution with flash and have manual control of camera. So Nokia seems to be far better device for photos than samsung s5. "The only thing you can't control is aperture, because the Nokia Lumia 930 aperture is fixed at f2.4." your statement reveals that you knows nothing about photography, if is so, then all fixed lens in cameras can't control aperture either. F2.4 reveals that you can't open more then f2.4 but you can close aperture, with this software in this phone you can't do it. But isn't because Nokia Lumia 930 have an aperture fixed to f2.4.


March 25, 2015, 5:20 pm

The camera review didn't even mentioned video capturing, where in 930 is mindblowing. Actually the more recent Lumia Camera app versions include HDR mode (Rich capture), among with 4k videos. Also 4:3 mode is also enabled for 19mpx images and you are able to store RAW. It is actually quite easy to access those 16 mpx images, just use a file explorer app. But the best value is that you are able to manipulate the 5 mpx image without loosing the orginial because it always uses the 16mpx for base. With the new Camera app you are also able to shoot short videos along with the 5+16mpx images so you could also pick a better frame. This even replaces the burst mode with a video. Of course the review is old but 930 is much improved since then which would make it the clear winner here. Btw on the night shot it seems the lens are dirty, be more careful next time.

Circus clown

June 12, 2015, 10:42 am

why would it be "inferior mode"... does this guy even know why it is 5mp.

José Manuel

November 20, 2015, 8:39 am

Over a Year and not Full Res photos, i think they can make one With the GS6 at 16MP and Lumia 950 at VGA resolution this time.

José Manuel

November 20, 2015, 8:46 am

And After a While was added a HDR mode, but the review have never been updated.
And if you compare HDR knowing that the 930 doesn't had it. You could compare, Lumia Refocus, Burst Image, Living Photos, 4K Video, Rich capture mode, etc.
And Comparing 5MP images with 16MP then zooming the images, was the worst thing you could have done.

José Manuel

November 20, 2015, 8:48 am

After a While was added a HDR mode, but the review have never been updated.
if you compare HDR knowing that the 930 doesn't had it. You could
compare, Lumia Refocus, Burst Image, Living Photos, 4K Video, Rich
capture mode, etc.
And Comparing 5MP images with 16MP then zooming the images, was the worst thing you could have done.

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